Ballot Confusion? An Explanation and My Recommendations.

March 23, 2012

By Laura O’Halloran

TOMORROW is the big day for us Conservatives in Louisiana! We will vote for not only who we want to be our Presidential nominee, but for whom we want to represent us in the Republican Party at state and parish levels.

Many of us have expressed such confusion as to what the offices are and who is running.  Perhaps this is a reason our country is in the mess it’s in right now. It is OUR responsibility to find out and become informed voters. I myself am guilty until recent years, and now I want to help you (and give my cell phone a break from the calls). As a citizen and the co-founder of the Tea Party of Livingston Parish, I feel that it is my duty to learn from others and pass on the information to those who want to know. Too much is at stake here and this is how WE as a people can change things around. Please keep in mind that this is only a basic explanation as I understand it. I am also offering my personal endorsements at the bottom of this article as I have come to know some of these candidates personally over the last couple of years in various forms. Some of them are acquaintances and some have become good friends, so I know where they stand and where they will take the Republican Party within our state and parish.

If you are a registered Republican before February 22nd of this year, you will be eligible to vote for the Republican Party. Only Republicans and Democrats can vote respectively. Voters will cast their ballots at their regular voting precincts between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.  If you do not know in which precinct you are in or where to go, enter your address or name at the Louisiana Secretary of State’s web site here.  Below is my sample ballot for Livingston Parish.  You can find your ballot here at the Louisiana Secretary of State’s website. The Secretary of State’s “Geaux Vote” Campaign is the place to find all of the FAQ’s and information you need for elections and voting.

Sample Ballot

Only parishes, wards and precincts in the election are listed in the dropdowns

Presidential Nominee Democratic Party
1 to be Elected
Ballot # Candidate Name Party
“Bob” Ely Democrat
Barack Obama Democrat
Darcy G. Richardson Democrat
John Wolfe Democrat


DSCC Member 81st Representative District, Office “B”
1 to be Elected
Ballot # Candidate Name Party
73 Tomy Acosta Democrat
74 Kevin Hull Democrat


DPEC Member(s) at Large
5 to be Elected
Ballot # Candidate Name Party
280 Randall “Randy” Albin Democrat
281 Gary Brady Democrat
282 Kevin Hull Democrat
283 Sonya Bankston Hull Democrat
284 Hobart Pardue Democrat
285 Bradley Patterson Democrat


Presidential Nominee Republican Party
1 to be Elected
Ballot # Candidate Name Party
Michele Bachmann Republican
Randy Crow Republican
Newt Gingrich Republican
Jon Huntsman Republican
Ron Paul Republican
Rick Perry Republican
Charles “Buddy” Roemer Republican
Mitt Romney Republican
Rick Santorum Republican


RPEC Member(s) at Large
5 to be Elected
Ballot # Candidate Name Party
286 Jerry Denton Republican
287 Donna Carlisle Erdey Republican
288 Floyd Gonzalez Republican
289 Timothy “Tim” Grant Republican
290 Mickey McMorris Republican
291 Cylton Joe Mitchell Republican
292 T. “Joel” Stern Republican
293 James Tullier Republican


RPEC Member District 6
1 to be Elected
Ballot # Candidate Name Party
300 Derek Babcock Republican
301 Shannon “Sam” Mack Republican



The first things you will see listed on your ballot are the Democratic offices. The three sections are for Democratic Presidential nominee, DSCC, and DPEC. Let’s ignore those and go straight to the Republican elections. You will see:

1.  Presidential Nominee Republican Party (1 to be elected): We all pretty much know what is going on there; otherwise I’m assuming you wouldn’t be looking at a ballot in the first place.
2.  RSCC Member (1 to be elected): This is who will represent you for the LA GOP at State level.
3.  RPEC Member(s) at Large (5 to be elected): These are your representatives for the LA GOP at Parish level at Large.
4.  RPEC Member (1 to be elected): This will be your representative at Parish level.
5.  Some will have District Judge elections, of which I have not followed this year.
6.  Some will have “Gravity Drainage Dist. No. 6 1/2% S&U Tax – BOC” to vote on and if you remember, it is the sales tax increase that State Sen. Dale Erdey had passed last session in order to be on this ballot. (SB252 – 2011 Regular Session (Act 57))


Your district will be the same as your  LA State Representative’s District, which is divided into sub-districts. For example, mine is District 81.  District 81 is then divided into sub-districts A and B. Some will also have C and D. This is the STATE LEVEL election for the Republican Party, or State Central Committee (RSCC.) My ballot will not show a race for the Dist. 81(A) SCC because Earl Price is a candidate with no opposition. The same goes for Dist. 81(B) with Floyd Gonzales and Dist. 62(A) with Rick Guillory. However, Livingston Parish encompasses the following districts for SCC in which there are races for the position:

RSCC Member 64th Representative District, Sub-district A (1 to be elected from 2 candidates)
RSCC Member 71st Representative District, Sub-district A (1 to be elected from 2 candidates)
RSCC Member 71st Representative District, Sub-district B (1 to be elected from 2 candidates)
RSCC Member 71st Representative District, Sub-district C (1 to be elected from 2 candidates)


There are two types of races at parish level, or Republican Parish Executive Committee (RPEC). Livingston Parish has nine districts, each of which has a representative within the Livingston Parish Council. However, with RPEC, there will be one to choose from your district PLUS five to choose for the parish as a whole (at large). You will have a choice to vote for five At-Large members from eight candidates.

This information on state and parish districts can be found here.



Now for the fun part. I carefully looked at each of the races within Livingston Parish. Again, these recommendations are based on what I know from personal experience in working with them directly or indirectly. I know where they stand and in what direction they will take the Republican Party. Since their list of credentials are very long, I will only give a short description of why I recommend them so forgive me for leaving out a few details. Please consider the following candidates:

Sen. Rick Santorum at RLC 2011


Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich is my second choice, but let’s faces it; Rick has the closest chance of winning the nomination over Mitt Romney. The explanation is for a future article. I have had the experience of talking to Sen. Santorum and like most voters across the country I see the genuine interest he has in running for POTUS. Don’t let the Left-Wing Media dictate the issues and scare you into believing that he will try to control your life socially. He is not the religious fanatical that will outlaw your rights to use birth control. Pro-Life, yes, he is. But remember that POTUS alone cannot pass laws. Ok, so Obama abuses his power with executive orders and by-passes congress every chance he gets. But I believe that Rick Santorum realizes there are bigger and more urgent matters to take care of at hand. And let me ask you this: Isn’t it time that we as a people hold our leaders to a higher moral standard? Ever since the days of President Bill Clinton, we have let go of certain standards in which we held our elected officials accountable.




Attorney Bob Morgan, Incumbent for RSCC Dist. 71(A)

RSCC Member 64th Representative District, Sub-district A: undecided
I will abstain from this race as I do not know the candidates.

RSCC Member 71st Representative District, Sub-district A: Bob Morgan
You may recall he was the attorney that kept our parish council on their toes by filing a law suit on the gerrymandering issue.
He is the incumbent in this seat, plus he is a Marine Veteran.

RSCC Member 71st Representative District, Sub-district B: James Tullier
Mr. Tullier is the incumbent and please consider him to at least keep is opponent Chris Comeaux out. Comeaux voted for Barrack Obama in 2008 and therefore makes one question his conservatism- and his intentions.

RSCC Member 71st Representative District, Sub-district C: Jay Robicheaux
Jay is a leader of Citizens for Highways and Infrastructure of Livingston Parish (CHILP). He is articulate and knows the issues that affect Livingston.



RPEC MEMBERS AT-LARGE: Five for the parish

Jerry Denton
Floyd Gonzalez
Mickey McMorris
Joel Stern
Tim Grant

Of the eight candidates, these are found to be of good character that I personally have the honor of knowing with the exception of Joel Stern and Pastor Tim Grant – which are highly recommended by others that I trust. Jerry Denton is the Denham Springs Marshall, Floyd Gonzalez is a proven trusted incumbent, and Mickey McMorris was my choice for LP Sheriff. Each of these fellows would represent us well with no doubt.

Floyd Gonzalez for RPEC at Large

RPEC MEMBERS: One for each parish district

RPEC DISTRICT ONE: Jeffrey Ard is unopposed.

Derek Babcock for RPEC District 6, Livingston Parish

Gene has served as a leader of Neighbors In Action and the No Loop Group. He has tirelessly worked to protect Livingston Parish at the grassroots level in opposing HUD Housing programs and the loop project. A Patriot!

RPEC DISTRICT THREE: Julie Robinson is unopposed.
We can have full confidence in Julie as she is the President of Pachyderms of Greater Baton Rouge and is a grassroots kinda gal.

See the reasons I stated above with the RSCC endorsement.

I abstain from this district as I do now know anything about these candidates.

Derek is a true grassroots conservative as has served as a leader with Citizens for Highways and Infrastructure for Livingston Parish (CHILP) and is also on the board for the Louisiana Family Forum. A good Christian man with a beautiful family, Derek ran for State Senate against the incumbent Dale Erdey.

Like Derek, Jason is also a Christian Conservative. He is the former Vice President of the Louisiana Family Forum, Vice President of American Judicial Alliance.

RPEC DISTRICT EIGHT: Bob Scivicque is unopposed.
RPEC DISTRICT NINE: George Slaght is unopposed.


See how easy it is? Not really, it truly can be confusing. However, I hope this helps to break it down and eliminates that “voter anxiety” so that at least you have an idea as to how you are represented in the Republican Party. Most people do not even realize they had choices or had representation. So now you have no excuse! No reason to complain unless you get involved and help to make changes within.


Hadrian’s Wall: past, present and future.(Housesteads Roman Fort–the grandest station; Hadrian’s Wall: archaeological research and Finds from the frontier: material culture in the 4th-5th centuries)(Book review)

Antiquity December 1, 2010 | Hingley, Richard C.

ALAN RUSHWORTH. Housesteads Roman Fort–the grandest station (2 volumes). 742 pages, 289 b&w & colour illustrations. 2009. Swindon: English Heritage; 978-1-848020-26-9 paperback 100 [pounds sterling].

TONY WILMOTT (ed.). Hadrian’s Wall: archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000. xii+454 pages, 436 b&w & colour illustrations, 64 tables. 2009. Swindon: English Heritage; 978-1-905624-71-3 paperback 40 [pounds sterling].

ROB COLLINS & LINDSAY ALLASON-JONES (ed.). Finds from the frontier: material culture in the 4th-5th centuries (CBA Research Report 162). xvi+ 162 pages, 68 illustrations, 8 colour plates, 8 tables. 2010. York: Council for British Archaeology; 978-1-902771-81-6 paperback 35 [pounds sterling].

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] These three books are among the many recent publications on England’s prime Roman monument. Located in northern England and running roughly between the modern cities of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Carlisle, Hadrian’s Wall is the most substantial frontier structure surviving from the Roman empire. It was recognised as a World Heritage site in 1987 and it now forms part of the vastly expanded Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site, which includes Roman frontier structures in a number of European countries (Breeze & Jilek 2008). Hadrian’s Wall is one of two major frontiers in Britain and because of its substantial scale it has often been compared to the Great Wall of China. At around 70 miles in length, Hadrian’s Wall is considerably shorter than its Chinese counterpart, but its monumental physical presence and history provide a significant attraction for visitors from far afield.

Hadrian’s Wall was built in the AD 120s and remained in use until theearly fifth century. It continued as a substantial barrier in the post-Roman landscape and has been studied in detail by antiquaries and archaeologists since the late sixteenth century (Hingley 2008). In places, its remains are very well preserved, consisting of a number of elements, including a substantial stone rampart, once around 3.5m in height, a large V-shaped ditch that fronted the rampart and a series of military installations, including turrets, forts and milecastles (small forts). To its south lies an enigmatic earthwork, the ‘vallum’, formed from a substantial ditch with banks to either side. The various elements of Hadrian’s Wall served to define the Roman frontier and to control access to the province of Britannia from the north. Hadrian’s biographer tells us that it was built to separate the barbarians from the Romans. It also played a significant conceptual role in medieval and modern times by dividing the English from the Scots (Hingley 2010).

The three volumes reviewed here provide significant additions to the academic literature that addresses Hadrian’s Wall. For those wanting an accessible guide, David Breeze and Brian Dobson’s volume, Hadrian’s Wall (Breeze & Dobson 2000), remains indispensable. For a more detailed account which includes a lengthy summary of current and future research, the English Heritage Research framework is recommended (Symonds & Mason 2009). One further recent volume assesses the current state of play, with studies including a number of disagreements about the nature and function of the Wall (Bidwell 2008).

The Tadmor of Britain: Housesteads Alan Rushworth’s volume includes a detailed study of the most iconic individual site on the Wall. Housesteads is a very well preserved Roman military installation located on Whin Sill, an impressive natural outcrop that provides a dramatic natural setting for the central section of Hadrian’s frontier. This is the most popular site on Hadrian’s Wall for visitors and tens of thousands arrive at the site every year by road, or by walking along the Hadrian’s Wall Footpath. The remains at Housesteads have long been famous and this Roman ‘station’ impressed a variety of visitors, including the eighteenth-century antiquary William Stukeley, who compared it to the remains of the classical site at ‘Tadmor’ (Palmyra). From the early nineteenth century, archaeological excavations have been conducted here, revealing the substantial remains of a Roman fort, one of seventeen built on or immediately behind Hadrian’s Wall.

The 24 individual contributors to Rushworth’s substantial two-volume report provide an extensive documentation of the excavations undertaken here between the late 1960s and 1981. This work focused on uncovering the central range of buildings, including the headquarters, granaries, barrack block, part of the defences of the fort and a number of other internal buildings. By 1981, when the excavations ended, around a quarter of the fort had been uncovered. The report provides a vitally important record of one of the most extensively excavated forts on the Wall and this publication has been eagerly awaited. The two volumes run to over 600 pages, amply illustrating the scale and importance of the excavations undertaken here. Volume 1 includes the structural report for the site and discussion of the excavations, while volume 2 explores the material assemblages, including the large quantities of Roman pottery, glass and metalworking debris. The level of detail provided and the quality of the numerous illustrations is warranted by the importance of the discoveries made at this site, providing significant evidence for the building and manning of this fort and the stretch of Hadrian’s Wall that lies close by. go to website hadrian s wall

Researching the Wall Tony Wilmott is employed by the state archaeology service, English Heritage. He has an excellent record of fieldwork on Hadrian’s Wall, including the excavation at Birdoswald, one of the other forts that lie along its line (Wilmott 1997). The excellent production of Wilmott’s monograph is comparable to that of Housesteads. This substantial volume contains seven articles by a number of authors that address archaeological research undertaken by English Heritage on the Wall between 1976 and 2000. These include a number of rescue excavations as well as work undertaken along the line of the Wall for the purposes of research and management. Also found here are two individual studies by Alan Whitworth, one of which documents the archive of drawings produced by James Irwin Coates from 1877 to 1896. These drawings, which were rediscovered in 1997, form an important archive since they provide a significant record of the condition of the Wall during the Victorian period. For instance, they show a series of images of structure and finds uncovered during John Clayton’s excavations at Chesters. Whitworth’s second chapter addresses the contribution of Charles Anderson, one of the men who worked on the consolidation of the stone rampart of the Wall from the 1930s to the 1960s.

The remaining five chapters are more specifically archaeological in character, exploring various elements of the Wall-complex together with excavations carried out at two of the Roman Wall forts. A lengthy chapter by Wilmott presents details of recent excavations at Birdoswald, updating this author’s earlier monograph (Wilmott 1997). Paul Austen’s chapter on the fort of Bowness-on-Solway provides information on this relatively poorly known site. Two further chapters address a number of small-scale excavations and surveys conducted by English Heritage to explore particular issues related to the structure of the Wall. One chapter explores the earthwork aspects of the frontier system. Although the stone rampart and stone forts dominate many people’s appreciations of Hadrian’s Wall, by far the largest part of the frontier complex consists of various linear earthworks, including the Wall ditch, a turf rampart that forms the first phase in the western section of the rampart (this was later replaced by a stone rampart) and the enigmatic vallum. The vallum was a complex earthwork consisting of a substantial ditch with a bank either side, following the south side of Hadrian’s Wall, apparently protecting or defining the frontier system from the south. English Heritage cut four sections across this feature and the evidence uncovered indicates its complexity and variability, enabling Wilmott to reassess its form and chronology, issues that are also discussed in another publication by the same author (Wilmott 2008). here hadrian s wall

Late Roman decline and fall?

The third publication is edited by two of the leading finds specialists working on the Wall, Rob Collins and Lindsay Allason-Jones. Their volume provides a re-assessment of the material culture of the frontier zone, during the period of the fourth to fifth centuries AD. This is a period that has been comparatively neglected in earlier studies of the Wall, since it has traditionally been seen in terms of declining standards that led, during the early fifth century, to the end of Roman Britain and the abandonment of Hadrian’s Wall. The impact of Edward Gibbon’s late eighteenth-century writings about the ‘Decline and Fall of the Roman empire’ on Victorian Wall-scholars was significant and archaeologists have been slow to throw off this image (Hingley 2008: 309-12). Many earlier accounts stressed the building and maintenance of the Wall and did not address its later phases in any detail. This volume demonstrates how outmoded these ideas are today, since the communities along the Wall appear to have maintained active lives well into the fifth century and, perhaps, beyond.

Recent excavations at Birdoswald (Wilmott 1997) and Vindolanda (Birley 2009) have indicated that at least some of the forts along the line of the Wall continued to be occupied into the post-Roman period and this has awakened interest in the late fourth- and fifth-century history and material culture from Hadrian’s Wall. This volume contains the papers of a conference in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 2008, which focused on the idea that the population of the frontier zone at this time had access to a wealth of artefactual materials rich in information about life on the frontier–materials that indicate changing patterns of production and trade across central Britain at this time. The volume’s fourteen chapters assess the evidence for late Roman inscriptions, pottery, glass, military equipment, brooches and coins. An additional chapter considers the evidence for diet amongst communities in the frontier area at this time, while other articles explore the evidence for Roman artefacts beyond the frontier and the emergence of the early medieval kingdom of Northumbria. The editors contribute a final chapter summarising the papers and identifying potential areas for future research.

Uncertain future?

These three volumes provide a series of contributions to the developing understanding of Britain’s prime Roman monument, covering materials ranging from research and rescue excavation to analysis of artefacts, environmental analysis and documentary study. The recent Research framework for Hadrian’s Wall (Symonds & Mason 2009) outlines a variety of important areas for research and the three volumes reviewed here provide some of the research on which the research themes were based. The excavations documented in the volumes edited by Wilmott and Rushworth show the ambitious nature of the fieldwork conducted by previous generations of archaeologists along the line of the Wall. It is unclear how such ambitious programmes of excavation and fieldwork will be funded in the future. Important discoveries continue to be made as a result of rescue excavation in the urban areas to the east and west of Hadrian’s Wall (Breeze 2008: 1), but well-funded research is required if we are to transform knowledge of the purpose, character and chronology of the Wall. Much of the work covered in these three volumes has been funded, conducted and published with support from English Heritage. Indeed, the considerable contribution of this organisation to research on the Wall deserves emphasising. With the current serious decline in government funding, the future of research on Britain’s prime Roman monument looks highly problematic.

References BIDWELL, P. 2008. Understanding Hadrian’s Wall. Kendal: Arbeia Society.

BIRLEY, R. 2009. Vindolanda: a Roman frontier fort on Hadrian’s Wall. Stroud: Amberley.

BREEZE, D. 2008. To study the monument: Hadrian’s Wall 1848-2006, in P. Bidwell (ed.) Understanding Hadrian’s Wall: 1-4. Kendah Arbeia Society.

BREEZE, D. & B. DOBSON. 2000. Hadrian’s Wall. Fourth edition. London: Penguin.

BREEZE, D. & S. JILEK. 2008. Frontiers of the Roman Empire: the European dimension of a World Heritage Site. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

HINGLEY, R. 2008. The recovery of Roman Britain 1586-1906: ‘a colony so fertile’. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

–2010. ‘The most ancient boundary between England and Scotland': genealogies of the Roman Wails. Classical Reception Journal: 24-43.

SYMONDS, M.F.A. & D.J.P. MASON. 2009. Frontiers of knowledge: a research framework for Hadrian’s Wall. Durham: Durham County Council.

WILMOTT, T. 1997. Birdoswald: excavations of a Roman fort on Hadrian’s Wall and its successor settlement, 1987-92: 1800 years on Hadrian’s Wall (English Heritage Archaeological Reports 14). London: English Heritage.

–2008. The Vallum: how and why: a review of the evidence, in P. Bidwell (ed.) Understanding Hadrian’s Wall: 119-28. Kendal: Arbeia Society.

Richard C. Hingley, Department of Archaeology, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, United Kingdom ( Hingley, Richard C.

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