Why Hillary Can Not Serve As Secretary Of State.

November 30, 2008

“He hath erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance..”–The Declaration of Independence.

“A Republic, if you can keep it.” Those were the words of the late great Benjamin Franklin on the steps of Independence Hall in Philadelphia when asked “Well Doctor, what have ye wrought, a Republic or a monarchy?” Oh how freedom could last another few generations had we not had one generation that was so self absorbed to realize that yes, tyranny can happen here. For far too many, tyranny has happened here, and yet we still believe that the United States is somehow infallible to the very human nature to trend towards despotism. How long could freedom have lasted had we simply passed on the knowledge of our Constitution and the protection of our liberty that it provided? How valuable is freedom to the one who won’t take the time to learn the United States Constitution?

One of those simple protections to the Rights of the people to have power over the government was laid out in Article one § 6 of the U.S. Constitution.

“No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.”

Now to shorten this up, No Senator that was serving during the entire term of President George Bush can be appointed to a newly erected office, or to one which the Emoluments have been increased. The key here is Emoluments, or rather, as defined by the dictionary “the returns arising from office or employment usually in the form of compensation or perquisites.”

Unfortunately for the citizens of the United States, this is the third time that President Elect Obama has proposed violating the Constitution since his election. That’s not a good sign especially when you consider that he wishes to appoint justices to the Supreme Court that will grow the constitution to be more desirable to the wishes of the President.

“In this Country, by this system, no new office can be taken by a member of the government, and if he takes an old one, he loses his seat. If the emoluments of any existing office be increased, he cannot take it.”–James Madison.

In this case it’s the latter half of his comment that applies here… if the emoluments of any existing office be increased, he can not take it, meaning, since the compensation for the Secretary of State was increased during Senator Clinton’s term, she is ineligible for the seat. But let’s take a look at why the Founding Fathers put that into the Constitution, according to James Madison.

To avoid the Seduction of Patronage

“The Members of the congress are rendered ineligible to any civil offices that may be created, or of which the emoluments may be increased, during the term of their election. No offices therefore can be dealt out to the existing members but such as may become vacant by ordinary casualties.”–James Madison

The idea was that congress would abuse their powers, intentionally voting for a pay increase on a job or creating an unnecessary position in government that they intended to take, or to take the most prestigious jobs that they had recently increased the pay raise.

It is, however, allowable for a Senator to resign from the Senate to take an appointed job, as long as the position is not a newly created position such as being appointed to the Department of Homeland Security, or in a position that the compensation is increased such as Secretary of State.

One could argue that it was not Hillary Clinton’s intentions to become Secretary of State when she voted for the pay increase, but even if it were the case, should we set this precedence that the Representatives and Senators could take newly created offices and/or offices in which compensation was increased, won’t we then be opening the door to future abuses by our legislative body?

Our constitution is filled with checks and balances, but when we ignore one, we lose them all. Soon enough, because so many are willing to look past one little violation, our Constitution will be rendered useless, and that one generation will have made the decision of posterity, for posterity.

N.Z. great white sharks take tropical holiday : researchers.

Times of Oman (Muscat, Oman) July 7, 2011 New Zealand: New Zealand s great white sharks enjoy an annual “tropical holiday”, swimming thousands of kilometres (miles) to warm South Pacific waters before returning home, researchers said Thursday. go to web site great white sharks

Scientists who monitored the giant predators for the past six years at Stewart Island, off New Zealand s south coast, found that they regularly set off for destinations such as Tonga, Fiji and Vanuatu in mid-winter.

They then returned to Steward Island after about six months, some using their powerful navigational instincts to reach almost the exact spot where scientists had tagged them the previous year, the researchers said.

New Zealand s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) said the study provided an insight into the life-cycle of great whites, the largest predatory shark, which can grow to eight metres (26 feet) long.

“The pieces of the puzzle are gradually coming together,” NIWA principal scientist Malcolm Francis said.

“We knew that most of our white sharks emigrate from New Zealand during winter and travel several thousand kilometres for a tropical holiday.

“Now we have discovered that many, perhaps most of them, make the return trip to exactly the same place in New Zealand.” Scientist studied great whites at Steward Island and the Chatham Islands, 750 kilometres (466 miles) east of New Zealand, which are considered “hot spots” for the sharks because their large seal colonies are a rich food source.

Data from electronic tags showed the sharks made deep dives of 800 metres during their migrations, possibly to feed on squid and deep-water fish. One shark reached a depth of 1,200 metres on its way to Australia.

The researchers found large numbers of great whites at Stewart Island during this year s expedition in April, tagging 27 during the three-week trip, three times the previous record in 2009.

But NIWA, which conducted the research with the Department of Conservation and Auckland University, said it was still unclear whether great white numbers were stable or declining. go to website great white sharks

The species is listed as vulnerable and has been protected in New Zealand waters since 2007.

While it is known that great whites live up to 50 years, they mature slowly and produce relatively small litters of about 10 juveniles every 2-3 years, meaning populations take a long time to recover from any setbacks.

Francis said the ongoing study would help scientific understanding of the fearsome predators.

“We hope that we will collect a detailed and exciting dataset that tells us where each shark was and when,” he said.

Muscat Press and Publishing House SAOC 2011 Provided by Syndigate.info an Albawaba.com company


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